Turkish dog breeds

Turkey, a country rich in history and culture, is also home to a variety of dog breeds that are deeply rooted in tradition. These breeds, from Anatolian Shepherds to Kangals, are not only an integral part of rural life in Turkey, but have also made a name for themselves internationally.

Turkey, a country that straddles two continents and serves as a bridge between East and West, is home not only to impressive architectural wonders and a rich culinary tradition, but also to a variety of unique dog breeds. These breeds, shaped by the geographic and cultural influences of Anatolia, represent a blend of Asian ferocity and European sophistication. From the rural highlands of Anatolia, where dogs have always served as protectors of herds against predators, to the urban centers of Istanbul, where modern dog breeds interact with centuries-old Turkish breeds, Turkey has a rich cynology to offer. It is this fusion of history, nature and culture that makes Turkish dog breeds a unique and fascinating object of study for dog lovers around the world. On this page, we will embark on a journey through the diversity and beauty of these dogs and discover their stories, characteristics and the special place they hold in the heart of Turkish communities.

Anatolian shepherd dog

Seitenansicht eines schönen anatolischen Hirtenhundes (sivas kangal kopek/kopegi) in einer Hundefarm in der Stadt Kangal, Sivas Türkei. Depositphotos / bllkcbs@gmail.com

The Anatolian Shepherd Dog, also known as the Anatolian Shepherd Dog, is an impressive breed of dog that originated in the Anatolian region of Turkey. These dogs were originally bred to protect flocks of sheep and goats from predators and are known for their intelligence, loyalty and courageous nature. With a strong, muscular build and a short to medium-length coat that varies in hue from fawn to gray, he exudes both strength and elegance. His watchful eye and independent nature make him an efficient guardian, while his bond with his family gives him the status of a loving companion. Despite his size and strength, the Anatolian Shepherd Dog exhibits an even temperament as long as he is properly socialized and trained.


Ein türkischer Kangal-Hund sitzt auf der Straße, umgeben von Schnee. Es ist ein obdachloser Hund; ein streunender Hund. Tiere in der Stadt im Winter. Tier Vs. kaltes Wetter. Haustiere, Haustier. Liebe Hunde. wilde Natur Depositphotos / Dr.MYM

Another pride of Anatolia, often confused with the Anatolian Shepherd Dog, but with its own unique characteristics. The Kangal is known for its protective instincts and unwavering loyalty. Its distinctive black mask and dense sand-colored coat make it unmistakable. In the villages of Anatolia, he is often prized as a first-class guardian whose courage and determination keep predators and intruders alike at bay.


Porträt eines weißen Akbash. Hund im Wasser eines Teiches stehend Depositphotos / borjomi88

A white guardian that is at home in the Anatolian mountains. This elegant yet sturdy dog is often described as gentle and calm. Its snow-white coat provides not only beauty, but also practical camouflage in the snowy regions where it often works.


Catalburun, türkischer Doppel-Nasen-Pointer Clipart. Verschiedene Posen, verschiedene Fellfarben.  Vektor-Illustration Depositphotos / A7880S

The Catalburun is one of the rarest and most unique dog breeds in the world and finds its origin in Turkey. What makes this dog particularly interesting and recognizable is its unusual double-barreled nose - a feature observed in only a few dog breeds in the world.

It is believed that the Catalburun developed this particular nose due to intensive inbreeding in the Mersin region of Turkey. Despite its unusual appearance, it has been valued as a hunting dog in its native region for centuries. Thanks to its distinctive nose, the Catalburun has an exceptionally good sense of smell, which makes it an excellent tracking dog, especially when hunting wild animals.

In addition to its double-barreled nose, the Catalburun is medium-sized with a muscular build and a short, smooth coat that can come in a variety of colors. Despite his fearless nature when hunting, he is a loving and loyal companion at home. His intelligence and willingness to learn make him an excellent training partner.

The Catalburun population is small, mainly concentrated in Turkey, and efforts are underway to save the breed from extinction. Its rare genetic makeup makes it an interesting subject of study for geneticists and biologists.

Aksaray Malaklısı: The Turkish Mastiff

Aksaray Malaklisi Clipart. Verschiedene Posen, Fellfarben Set.  Vektor-Illustration Depositphotos / A7880S

The Aksaray Malaklısı, often referred to as the Turkish Mastiff, is an impressive dog breed that has its roots in the Aksaray region of Turkey. It is one of the largest dog breeds in the world and is prized for its strength, loyalty and impressive appearance.

The Aksaray Malaklısı has a long history in Turkey, where it was traditionally used as a guard and herding dog. Its size and strength made it an ideal protector against predators and intruders.

The Turkish Mastiff is a real giant among dogs. He has a massive head, a muscular body and a powerful stature. His short, dense coat can come in a range of colors, with Brindle and Fawn being the most common. One of its most striking features is its loose, wrinkled skin, which is often compared to that of a Mastiff or Neapolitan Mastiff.

Despite his impressive size and strength, the Aksaray Malaklısı is known for his calm and even temperament. He is extremely loyal to his owner and can be very protective of his family. Still, with proper socialization and training, he can be a gentle giant that gets along well with children and other pets.

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