Life expectancy
10 - 14

Combai - the indian dog breed in portrait

This dog breed is not recognized by the FCI. The Combai is also known as Kombai, Indian Bear Dog or Indian Beardog. These four-legged friends are also often called Indian Pitbulls. They are excellent hunting dogs and even better guard dogs. Even if these dogs are little known in our latitudes, it is a very old dog breed, which is popular in its homeland since the 9th century.

What is the origin of the Combai?

The home of the Combais is South India. Tamil Nadu and Kerala are considered to be the place of origin. Here he was mainly used for hunting water buffalo, wild boar and deer. Accordingly strong, courageous and persevering is this race. Also as a guard dog the Combai is still gladly used. Today, however, it is also used as a family dog.

Banner: Shutterstock / ELAMARAN ELAAA
Dog,Mammal,Vertebrate,Canidae,Dog breed,Labrador retriever,Retriever,Carnivore,Sporting Group,Golden retriever,
Alternate Name Kombai, Indian bear dog
Origin -
Life expectancy 10 - 14 years
Care requirements low-maintenance
Activity level average
FCI group not recognised
AKC group not recognised
KC group not recognised

What are typical character traits of Combais?

The Combai is:

  • alert
  • attentive
  • strong and brave

This dog breed is very agile dogs that are full of drive. Although Indian Bear Dogs have a very great will-to-please, this breed is not necessarily for beginners. Although Combais are very strong, persistent and fast, they are also very intelligent and absolutely sensitive.

In addition, it is highly recommended to attend a dog training school while the dog is still a puppy. Towards intruders, the Combai can also be aggressive. In addition, this breed must be well socialized from an early age. Then he is also well compatible with other four-legged friends.

Combais were bred as hunting dogs and therefore have a strong hunting instinct. These four-legged friends are generally not suitable for free running. They feel comfortable in a house with a garden. It is important that you have an escape-proof garden, because the hunting instinct can always trigger these quadrupeds and Combais can jump quite high.

What are typical diseases of Combais?

This original dog breed, which was also little mated and not crossbred, is very robust and no breed-typical diseases are known. The short coat is little susceptible to parasites and also little susceptible to skin diseases. This breed is considered immune to many diseases. HD can occur.

Combai breeding - where, how, what?

If you are looking for a Combai, the search can be a bit difficult, as these dogs are very rare in Europe. But trust certified breeders, because only then you can be sure to get a purebred, robust and healthy Indian Bear Dog.

Combai dog breed description, big brown dog with purple tongue and prick ears

The most distinctive feature of the Indian Bearhound is the so-called eel line. This is a narrow, usually darker line along the backbone of the animals. In the Kombat the eel line is black in most cases. The head is elongated and wears a black mask. The ears are large and drooping.

Appearance and coat of the Combais

The coat of these dogs is short and has no undercoat. It is rather hard and absolutely easy to maintain. You will only have to brush these four-legged friends occasionally, which these dogs always enjoy very much.

The Combais are light reddish or brown. It has a heavy and robust build, but is still very nimble and agile. The tail is carried vertically and bends over the body in very confident quadrupeds. In case of fear or unpleasant situations, the tail is pulled in between the hind legs.

How big does the Combai grow?

The Combai grows to an average size of about 50 cm to 55 cm. Females are usually somewhat smaller than males.

How much does a Combai weigh?

The Indian Bear Dog reaches a weight of about 30 kg when fully grown. Bitches usually weigh only about 25 kg.

How old does a Combai become?

On average, the Combai lives to be about 14 years old.

Fur length short
Fur flat coated
Ear shape Standing Ears
Tail lang
Anatomy rugged
Size ♀ 50 - 55 cm
Weight ♀ 25 - 30 kg
Size ♂ 50 - 55 cm
Weight ♂ 25 - 30 kg
Suitable For -


  • Hip dysplasia (HD)

    Hip dysplasia (HD) is a genetic condition in dogs where the hip joint is not shaped properly. This leads to pain, stiffness and restricted movement.

Sources and relevant links

Nicolae Sfetcu (2014). About Dogs. Nicolae Sfetcu.

Morris, Desmond (2001). Dogs: the ultimate dictionary of over 1,000 dog breeds. Trafalgar Square Publishing.

DR.R.Subbuiraj (2006). A to Z about Dogs. Sura Books.

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