Maremma Abruzzo Sheepdog

Maremma Abruzzo Sheepdog Breed description: Character & Co

Maremma Abruzzo Sheepdog

Life expectancy
10 - 12

Profile: Maremma-Abruzzo Sheepdog

The Maremma-Abruzzo Sheepdog, often called the Maremmano for short, is an impressive dog with a rich history and a special range of suitability. Here is an in-depth overview of this remarkable breed.

Origin & History

Originating in the Maremma and Abruzzo regions of Italy, the Maremma-Abruzzo Sheepdog has a long tradition of guarding flocks of sheep against predators. It is believed that he served as a companion to shepherds in this region more than 2000 years ago. His history is deeply rooted in the rural areas of Italy, where he is still considered an invaluable protector of the flocks.


This majestic dog is not only a guardian, but also has a number of traits that make him special:

  • Protective instinct: His main job for centuries has been to guard flocks of sheep. Therefore, he is very alert and has a strong protective instinct.
  • Independence: As a herding dog, he was trained to act independently. Therefore, he often shows an independent character.
  • Family Dog: Despite his size and guarding instincts, the Maremma Abruzzo Sheepdog can be a loving and gentle family dog if properly socialized.
  • Need for Space: It is best suited for life in the countryside or in homes with large yards.


The Maremma-Abruzzo Sheepdog is a powerful and independent dog with a deep connection to the rural regions of Italy. His primary role as a protector of flocks of sheep has shaped him, but he also has the potential to be a loving companion for the right family. It is important to recognize his history and suitability to ensure a harmonious coexistence.

Banner: Depositphotos / Tinieder
Maremma shepherd dog posing for photo Two Maremma and Abruzzo shepherd dogs playing together in a meadow Maremma sheepdogs herd sheep grazing in an uncultivated field on a September day in the Lazio region of Italy Two Maremma and Abruzzo shepherd dogs playing together in a meadow
Alternate Name Cane da Pastore Maremmano-Abruzzese
Origin Italy
Life expectancy 10 - 12 years
Care requirements high-maintenance
Activity level average
FCI group Sheepdogs
AKC group not recognised
KC group not recognised

Character traits

The Maremma Abruzzo Sheepdog is known for a variety of traits that make it a unique companion:

  • Loyalty: this dog is deeply loy al to its family and territory. Once a bond is formed, he will always stay by his owner's side.
  • Protective Instinct: Historically, he displays a strong protective instinct. This makes him an excellent guard dog.
  • Independence: He was bred to work and make decisions on his own. Therefore, he often shows an independent and headstrong nature.
  • Calm: Despite his alertness, he is usually calm and deliberate.


Embedded in his character traits, the nature of the Maremma Abruzzo Sheepdog can be described as follows:

  • Balanced: When properly socialized, he shows himself to be a balanced and easy-going dog.
  • Reluctant to Strangers: He may be reserved or suspicious of unfamiliar people or animals.
  • Gentle with family members: For all his strength and determination, he can be incredibly gentle and loving to his loved ones.


The Maremma Abruzzo Sheepdog is a complex and profound dog, characterized by loyalty, protective instincts and independence. His character makes him a reliable protector and a loving family member, provided he receives proper training and socialization.

Maremma Abruzzese Sheepdo, big white friendly Italian purebred dog portrait Maremmano Abruzzese Sheepdog puppy outdoor summer nature Maremmano Abruzzese Sheepdog outside in nature in summer

Maremma-Abruzzo Sheepdog - Care, Health & Breeding.

The Maremma Abruzzo Sheepdog is a proud animal that has specific care and health requirements. If you want to learn more about the care, health concerns and breeding of this remarkable dog, read on.


Due to its thick and long coat, the Maremma Abruzzo Sheepdog requires regular grooming:

  • Brushing: It is recommended to brush the coat at least weekly to prevent matting and skin problems.
  • Bathing: Occasional baths are sufficient unless he gets very dirty.
  • Ears and Eyes: They should be checked regularly and cleaned as needed.


While generally hardy, there are certain health problems that can occur in the breed:

  • Hip dysplasia: A common condition in large dog breeds.
  • Stomach torsion: large dogs are more prone to this potentially life-threatening problem.
  • Regular vet visits: are essential to ensure he stays healthy and any problems are caught early.


Breeding Maremma Abruzzo Sheepdogs requires specific knowledge and responsibility:

  • Breeding guidelines: it is important to adhere to breed standards and ethical breeding guidelines.
  • Health testing: potential breeding stock should be tested for common genetic diseases.
  • Socialization: puppies should be socialized early to ensure they are well-adjusted animals as adults.


The Maremma Abruzzo Sheepdog is a formidable animal that requires regular care and attention to health. When breeding, it is of utmost importance to maintain ethical and health standards. However, with proper care and attention, this dog can live a long and healthy life.

Maremma Abruzzo shepherd dogs together in the meadow

The Maremma Abruzzo Sheepdog impresses not only with its firm personality, but also with its striking appearance. Here you will find all the important information about the coat, appearance and physical characteristics of this extraordinary breed.

Coat & Color

The coat of the Maremma Abruzzo Sheepdog is a characteristic feature:

  • Texture: dense and long, it can reach up to 10 inches in length in some areas of the body.
  • Color: Pure white, although sometimes slight shades of ivory, yellow or apricot can occur.
  • Grooming: Despite its length, the coat is surprisingly easy to groom and does not tend to mat easily.


Its appearance exudes authority and elegance:

  • Head: Strong and massive, with a well-defined stop between forehead and muzzle.
  • Eyes: Often amber in color, giving the dog a penetrating and intelligent look.
  • Body: Harmoniously proportioned with a strong back.

Height & Weight

  • Males
    • Height: Between 65-73 cm
    • Weight: Between 35-45 kg
  • Bitches
    • Size: Between 60-68 cm
    • Weight: Between 30-40 kg


The Maremma Abruzzo Sheepdog is striking for its majestic white coat and proud bearing. Its size and weight vary according to sex, with males tending to be larger and heavier. With his powerful stature and elegant appearance, he is undoubtedly an eye-catcher. If you're looking for a dog that impresses in both looks and character, this German Shepherd could be just what you're looking for.

Fur length medium
Fur flat coated
Ear shape Floppy Ear
Tail lang
Anatomy rugged
Size ♀ 60 - 68 cm
Weight ♀ 30 - 45 kg
Size ♂ 65 - 73 cm
Weight ♂ 30 - 45 kg
Suitable For -
Maremma Abruzzese Sheepdo, big white friendly Italian purebred dog portrait
Maremmano Abruzzese Sheepdog puppy outdoor summer nature
Maremmano Abruzzese Sheepdog outside in nature in summer
  • Hip dysplasia (HD)

    Hip dysplasia (HD) is a genetic condition in dogs where the hip joint is not shaped properly. This leads to pain, stiffness and restricted movement.

  • Eye diseases

    Often occur with allergies and intolerances.

Sources and relevant links


Accessed on 27.09.2023

UKC Rassebeschreibung

Accessed on 27.09.2023

Roland Berger (2022). Herdenschutzhunde. XinXii.

Hans Räber (2014). Enzyklopädie der Rassehunde, Band 1. Franckh-Kosmos Verlags-Gmbh & Company KG.

Eva-Maria Krämer (2019). 250 Hunderassen. Franckh-Kosmos Verlags-GmbH & Company KG.

Other large dogs

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