Coyote Breed description: Character & Co



Origin and habitat of the coyote

The coyote is native to North America. The Canis latrans is also known as the prairie wolf or tumbleweed. Its original home was the prairies and scrublands of the Midwest of North America. Its membership in the canine family is confirmed by its appearance. Due to the decline of its close relative the wolf, its habitat has increased. In the meantime it can be found from Central America to the far north of the continent (Canada, Alaska). The "modern" coyote can also be found in the outskirts of cities. In addition, it is no longer a rarity in the eastern part of America.

What are the breed characteristics of coyotes?

Coyotes belong to the dog family. In their outward appearance, they embody all the characteristics of dogs. They are successful hunters, but their diet is not one-sided. Plants are also on the menu. In times of need, it becomes a scavenger or the garbage can next door is plundered. This "survival artist" made the leap into modern times without any problems and his breed Coyote dog is not considered endangered.

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Alternate Name Prairie Wolf, Cojote
Origin USA
Life expectancy 6 - 14 years
Care requirements high-maintenance
Activity level high
FCI group not recognised
AKC group not recognised
KC group not recognised

What are typical character traits of coyotes?

A coyote dog is adaptable and intelligent. He has easily managed to combine his needs with the modern world of humans. Despite his closeness to the biped, he has not lost his independence. He uses his advantages without giving up his independence.


What are typical diseases of coyotes?

In this regard, no concrete statements can be made. Canine wild animals are of robust nature. Diseases due to malnutrition are not documented in writing.

Breeding and natural way of life

A pair of coyotes spends the whole life in this relationship of two. Sometimes these animals join together to form small family groups or communities of interest (packs). From January to February is the mating season. After about 60 to 65 days the offspring is born. As a rule, the parents raise five to six young together. The young coyotes leave their home range in the autumn of the same year. In doing so, they also observe the territorial boundaries of their old pack. The migration into the new life stage can amount to 15 km and more. In the second year of life they are sexually mature and start their own family.

A coyote mix can be created by mating with a domestic dog. Another possibility is meeting a wolf of mating age. Proximity to towns and cities makes the coyote-dog combination more likely. People often push a deliberate cross between the two "dog breeds". A coyote mix should combine the best qualities from the different worlds. The offspring from such a mix is not recognized by the FCI. This "accidental product" has no official market value.

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He cannot deny the kinship with the wolf. His physique is more delicate. In addition, the body size lies between wolf and fox. Striking is his long and bushy tail, which he always carries hanging. The narrow head with the prick ears and the long muzzle form a harmonious unit to the rest of the body. The dark eyes look friendly and alert. The coat is dense and of medium length with much undercoat. The coat structure can be compared to a stockhaired German Shepherd. The outer coat has a grey-brown to yellow-brown colouring. On the belly and the legs the color shades are lighter. The coat coloration and the coat quality depend on the habitat (desert, mountains, forest areas).

How big does a coyote grow?

A male can reach a maximum height of 50 cm. The average body length is 110 cm. Females are smaller and the body length is proportionally adjusted.

How much does a coyote weigh?

The average body weight is 12 kg. You have to consider the sex. Males depending on size can be heavier and females lighter. A weight range between 10 and 15 kg is realistic.

How old does a coyote live?

The life expectancy depends on the living conditions. As a general rule, you can expect a coyote to have a similar lifespan to a dog of this size. Generally, the attainable age varies between 6 and 14 years.

Fur length medium
Fur -
Ear shape Standing Ears
Tail fanned out
Anatomy massive, strong
Size ♀ 40 - 49 cm
Weight ♀ 10 - 18 kg
Size ♂ 40 - 56 cm
Weight ♂ 10 - 22 kg
Suitable For -


Sources and relevant links

Digital Desert

Accessed on 19.02.2024

Stuttgarter Zeitung

Accessed on 19.02.2024

John D. Harder, Guy N. Cameron (2022). Mammals of Ohio. Ohio University Press.

José R. Castelló (2018). Canids of the World. Princeton University Press.

Other medium dogs

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