German Spitz

German Spitz Breed description: Character & Co


The German Spitz

The Spitz is one of the oldest breeds of domestic dog in Germany, although its origins have not been fully clarified. Already 4,000 years ago Spitz-like dogs are said to have lived together with humans. The primal relatives of your dog were regarded as watchdogs on farms and in households of petty bourgeois. He also found his place in literature as well as in painting.

Breed characteristics of the German Spitz

The breed of the German Spitz belongs under the FCI standard number 97 to the group 5, dogs Spitz of the original type, as well as to the section 4, European Spitz. In the total of five different varieties, the size is fixed by the FCI, but the weight is not.

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Alternate Name Small Spitz, Large Spitz, Medium Spitz
Origin Germany
Life expectancy 10 - 14 years
Care requirements high-maintenance
Activity level average
FCI group European Spitz
AKC group Foundation Stock Service
KC group utility group

Character of the Großspitz and Mittelspitz and Kleinspitz

The German Spitz is a very alert dog, but has no hunting instinct. Your dog is basically a rather well-balanced quadruped, which is always loyal and affectionate to his mistress or master. Towards strangers, however, the Spitz behaves somewhat distant at first. It is typical for your dog that it can be very possessive. Thus it would like to follow and accompany its human friends at every turn. Training a German Spitz is usually pretty straightforward. Your dog is an excellent family dog and should never have to spend his life in a kennel. However, you can certainly keep him in a city apartment as long as he gets enough walks.

The Spitz generally has a reputation as a yapper, but this is definitely not the rule, and is often due to faulty training. The German Spitz is also used as a therapy dog in many cases. Although your dog is known for its lively nature, it does not need a lot of exercise. Its regular walks are quite enough for him. However, the German Spitz is quite a fan of some dog sports such as flyball or agility.


Typical diseases

Typical breed diseases are rather rare in the German Spitz. In larger Spitz, hip dysplasia could occur in some cases, the smaller ones could be affected by patellar luxation, for example. Due to a possible weakening of the suspension, the patella could also jump out of the guide.

Breeding German Spitz puppies - where, how, what?

If you are looking for a Miniature Spitz, make sure that the breeder is trustworthy. Breeders should be aware of the rules of the Animal Welfare Act and the Animal Welfare Dog Ordinance and of course comply with them. You can also recognize good breeders by the fact that they have regularly participated in training courses.

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The Wolfsspitz, known in Holland as the Keeshond, is basically grey clouded, that is, silver-grey with black tips, or often simply grey, cream or black.

According to today's breed standard, the Großspitz can have a white, brown or even black coat. With the medium, small and also the dwarf spitz the colours can be white, brown, black, grey cloudy or also orange.

Your dog generally possesses a dense coat, which is luxuriant and two-layered. The long and protruding coat is characterized by a kind of mane on the neck. His hind legs are also heavily coated. The German Spitz's long-haired tail is bushy and presents a curl across his back. The dense coat of your robust and undemanding companion is definitely quite easy to maintain. It should be a matter of course to brush him regularly and check his ears and paws.

How big does a German Spitz grow, how much does he weigh and how old does he get?

German Spitz Type Size
Pomeranian 20-22 cm
German Miniature Spitz 26-29 cm
German Medium size Spitz 34-38 cm
German Giantspitz 46-50 cm
German Keeshond 49-55 cm shoulder height


Spitz type German Spitz Weight
German Pomeranian
until 3kg
German Miniature Spitz
up to 5 kg
German Middle size Spitz
up to 10 kg
German Giantspitz and Keeshond
up to 20 kg


The German Spitz has an average life expectancy of about 14 years.

Fur length long
Fur flat coated
Ear shape Standing Ears
Tail fanned out
Anatomy square
Size ♀ 20 - 55 cm
Weight ♀ 3 - 20 kg
Size ♂ 20 - 55 cm
Weight ♂ 3 - 20 kg
Suitable For -


  • Hip dysplasia (HD)

    Hip dysplasia (HD) is a genetic condition in dogs where the hip joint is not shaped properly. This leads to pain, stiffness and restricted movement.

  • Patellar luxation

    Patellar luxation is the term used to describe a displacement of the kneecap, which is one of the most common causes of lameness in dogs.

Sources and relevant links


Accessed on 16.05.2023

Verein für Deutsche Spitze e.V.

Accessed on 25.05.2023

Dorothea von der Höh (2015). Deutscher Spitz. Cadmos Verlag.

Hans Räber (2014). Enzyklopädie der Rassehunde, Band 1. Franckh-Kosmos Verlags-Gmbh & Company KG.

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