Large dog breeds
Large dog breeds
Whether Labrador, Golden Retriever, Boxer, Leonberger, Newfoundland, Giant Schnauzer, Kangal, Irish Setter, Great Dane, Irish Wolfhound, German Shepherd, Malinois, Huskey, Malamute, Akita Inu, Rhodesian Ridgeback or Eurasian - large dog breeds are very popular among Germans. Before buying a large dog, however, you should consider some important things:
- Can I offer the dog enough space and exercise?
- Am I able to train the dog?
- What special costs will I incur in keeping the dog?
- Which large dog breed is particularly suitable for me?
In general, dogs with a height at the withers of approx. 40 cm are considered large dogs. However, if you measure once, you will find out that this is not necessarily large. Sheepdogs or Golden Retrievers usually reach a height of 55 - 60 cm. This is more in line with the general idea of a large dog breed. Please inform you before the acquisition of a dog, with your city, but which withers height certain proofs usually required. Mostly this is already starting from 40 cm of withers height the case. For such dogs you must bring the following proofs (the data can deviate depending upon Land and city):
- Proof of reliability
- Registration with the public order office
- Permission to keep the dog
- Liability insurance
The proof of competence takes place through an examination, which you have to pass together with your dog. You have to prove that your dog does not show any aggression and that you can handle him. You have to pay the costs of the exam yourself, they usually amount to 30 - 60 €. Please also note that special regulations may apply to large dogs with regard to leash requirements. Check with your city or municipality.
In everyday life, large dog breeds such as shepherds, Great Danes, Newfoundlands or Kangals have special needs. They need more exercise than small dogs and also more freedom of movement in your house or apartment. No large dog should have to live in a 50 square foot city apartment. That is not a species-appropriate husbandry. In this case, you should rather opt for a small dog or dog breeds of medium size, for example a beagle, a medium schnauzer, a mountain dog or a Basenji. Large dogs need at least 2 hours of exercise every day. You should live in the country or know walking trails in your nearby area to guarantee that your dog has fun in life.
Other important needs and facts about large dogs:
- Large dogs are often prone to joint problems (for example, cruciate ligament tears).
- Large dogs do not live as long as smaller breeds (about 10 years).
- In general, large breeds are very good-natured.
The right food is very important, especially in the first months of life, because the dog grows quickly in a few months and should be supplied with sufficient nutrients.
Large dogs are more expensive than small breeds (more food, need larger equipment, for example a dog box, vet bills are usually higher)
Large dog breeds for beginners
Retrievers are particularly suitable as family dogs and dogs for beginners, for example the Labrador Retriever or the Golden Retriever, but also Eurasiers or Labradoodles are counted among the good-natured breeds that are easy to train.
Characteristics of a dog breed that are suitable for beginners should be:
- Good naturedness
- No tendency to aggressiveness
- Easy to train
- Suitable as a family dog
- No exaggerated hunting instinct
- Easy to groom (coat, paws etc.)
- Balanced and modest
Large dog breeds for beginners should meet these characteristics,to minimize the risk of spoiling the dog due to insufficient knowledge. However, it is always advisable for beginners to visit a dog school to benefit from the tips of experienced dog owners and to achieve a certain basic obedience already at puppy age. However, this does not only apply to large dogs, but also to dog breeds of medium size and also to small dogs.
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