Belgian Griffon

Belgian Griffon Breed description: Character & Co


Profile: Belgian Griffon - origin, history and suitability

The Belgian Griffon, a small dog with a big personality, has a fascinating origin and history as well as a variety of aptitudes. In this profile, you will learn interesting facts about this breed with a strong character.

Origin and history

  • Country of origin: As the name suggests, the Belgian Griffon comes from Belgium.
  • Breeding history: These dogs were originally bred in the 19th century to hunt rats and pests in horse stables.
  • Breed mix: They originated from a cross between Belgian street dogs and imported dogs such as the Affenpinscher and possibly the King Charles Spaniel and Pugs.

Characteristic features

  • Size: The Belgian Griffon is a small dog, but robust and hardy.
  • Appearance: Recognizable by its distinctive face with large, round eyes and a short muzzle.

Suitability and temperament

  • Family dog: With its friendly and loyal nature, the Belgian Griffon makes an excellent family dog.
  • Companion: It is also an excellent companion for older people or people who live in an apartment.
  • Trainability: Despite their independence, Belgian Griffons are easy to train and enjoy mental challenges.
  • Energy level: They are lively and playful, but do not require overly intense exercise.

To summarize, the Belgian Griffon is a breed with an interesting history that has evolved from a rat hunter to a popular companion dog. Its size and friendly nature make it an ideal pet for a variety of households.

Banner: Depositphotos / CaptureLight
Dog breed Belgian Griffon looking at a white background Dog breed Belgian Griffon looking at a white background Black dog. The Belgian Griffon gnawing on a pine cone. On a white background. Belgian Griffon dog in yellow rubber boots. The concept of protecting animals' paws from anti-icing agents, chemicals and salt
Alternate Name Griffon Belge
Origin Belgium
Life expectancy 12 - 15 years
Care requirements low-maintenance
Activity level average
FCI group Small Belgian Dogs
AKC group not recognised
KC group not recognised

Vibrancy and energy

  • Full of energy: The Belgian Griffon is a lively and energetic dog that loves to play and move around.
  • Play instinct: He has a strong play instinct and enjoys interactive games with his owners.

Social behavior and bonding

  • Affectionate: This breed is known for its strong bond with its humans. They enjoy spending time with their families and often seek closeness and attention.
  • Friendly: Belgian Griffons are friendly with people and other animals, especially if they have been well socialized from an early age.

Intelligence and training

  • Intelligent and eager to learn: They are clever dogs that enjoy learning and love to learn new tricks and commands.
  • Easy to train: Due to their intelligence, they are relatively easy to train, although they can sometimes have a mind of their own.


  • Residential: They adapt well to living in an apartment and are suitable for city living.
  • Versatile: The Belgian Griffon is versatile and adapts to different lifestyles as long as it gets enough attention and activity.

Character summary

The Belgian Griffon is an affectionate, energetic and intelligent companion that is characterized by its friendliness and willingness to learn. With its adaptability and play instinct, it is a wonderful companion for a variety of households. His need for closeness makes him an ideal dog for people looking for a close and interactive companion.

Decorative Belgian dog Griffin in winter clothes on a walk in the city park. Pets. Blurred background. Close-up.

Care of the Belgian Griffon

  • Coat care: The coat of the Belgian Griffon is of medium length and often appears somewhat shaggy. It needs regular brushing to avoid matting.
  • Bathing: Regular baths are important to keep the coat clean and healthy. A mild dog shampoo should be used.
  • Eye and ear care: Due to their large eyes and open ears, these need to be checked and cleaned regularly to prevent infection.

Health aspects

  • General health: Belgian Griffons are generally hardy dogs, but like all breeds they can be prone to certain health problems.
  • Common health problems: These include patellar luxation, eye problems and in some cases heart disease.
  • Veterinary check-ups: Regular veterinary check-ups are important to monitor the dog's health and detect problems early.

Breeding information

  • Responsible breeding: Potential buyers should be careful to purchase puppies from responsible breeders who place importance on the health and welfare of the animals.
  • Genetic testing: Reputable breeders carry out genetic testing to avoid hereditary health problems.
  • Puppy selection: When selecting a puppy, prospective owners should look for a good temperament and signs of good health.

In summary, the Belgian Griffon is a low-maintenance companion, but requires regular care and attention to its health. Responsible breeding practices are essential to keep the breed healthy and strong.

Typical Griffon Belge dog in the spring garden
  • Coat texture: The Belgian Griffon has a medium-length, wiry coat, which gives it a characteristic appearance.
  • Color variations: Common coat colors are black, black with tan and red. Some also have a white chest patch.
  • Grooming requirements: Regular brushing is necessary to avoid matting and knots. Occasional trimming helps to keep the coat in shape.

Visual characteristics

  • Facial expression: Their large, round eyes and short muzzle are striking, giving the Griffon an almost human-like appearance.
  • Ears: Typically, the ears are small and contrast with their broad head.
  • Build: Despite their small size, Belgian Griffons have a robust and muscular build.

Size and weight

  • Size: The breed is small, with the average size being around 18 to 20 cm.
  • Weight: A typical Belgian Griffon weighs between 3.5 and 6 kg.

In summary, the Belgian Griffon is a small but robustly built dog with a distinctive coat and striking facial features. Its size and weight make it an ideal companion for living in the city or in an apartment. Regular grooming is required to keep his beautiful coat in top condition.

Fur length short
Fur rough-haired
Ear shape Tilt-ear
Tail lang
Anatomy rugged
Size ♀ 18 - 20 cm
Weight ♀ - 6 kg
Size ♂ 18 - 20 cm
Weight ♂ - 6 kg
Suitable For Beginner, Children, Seniors
Black dog. The Belgian Griffon gnawing on a pine cone. On a white background.
Belgian Griffon dog in yellow rubber boots. The concept of protecting animals' paws from anti-icing agents, chemicals and salt
Decorative Belgian dog Griffin in winter clothes on a walk in the city park. Pets. Blurred background. Close-up.

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