Standard Schnauzer

Standard Schnauzer Breed description: Character & Co

Standard Schnauzer


PROFILE: Mittelschnauzer - origin, history & suitability.

The Medium Schnauzer, often referred to simply as the "Schnauzer" or "Standard Schnauzer," has its roots in Germany. His history goes way back to the Middle Ages. Originally, he was bred as an all-purpose dog for farmers to rid the farm grounds of rats and other pests. Additionally, he served as a guard dog and occasionally as a herding dog.

In the 19th century, the Mittelschnauzer began to be selectively bred to develop a uniform type. He soon became popular as a companion and show dog and subsequently gained worldwide recognition.


The Miniature Schnauzer is an energetic, intelligent and alert dog. He is excellent as:

  • Family Dog: He is fond of children and protective. His affection and loyalty make him an ideal family member.
  • Guard Dog: Because of his history as a farm dog, he has a strong protective instinct. He rarely barks without reason and is always alert.
  • Working dog: His intelligence and ability to learn qualify him for a wide variety of tasks, whether in search and rescue work or in dog sports.


The Middle Schnauzer is a robust and versatile dog with a deep-rooted history in Germany. As a former farm dog, he is willing to work as well as affectionate and loyal. His adaptability makes him an ideal companion for a variety of living situations, whether in the city or in the country. His distinctive appearance, marked by the typical "Schnauzer beard" and bushy eyebrows, makes him an unmistakable representative of his breed.

Banner: Depositphotos / lifeonwhite
Schnauzer is lying with his front paws on a red pillow. Pet in studio on blue background. Close up Furry chanuzer with red bow tie panting and sitting on white background Picture of standard schnauzer puppy looking up to his master Picture of a standard schnauzer jumping over a wooden beam
Alternate Name Schnauzer, Medium Schnauzer
Origin Germany
Life expectancy 10 - 16 years
Care requirements -
Activity level average
FCI group Pinscher and Schnauzer type
AKC group working group
KC group not recognised

Unique character

The Middle Schnauzer, often called the "heart of the house", is a lively and courageous dog. This character, which has accompanied him for centuries, still characterizes him today.

Main characteristics of the Mittelschnauzer

  • Intelligence: The Middle Schnauzer is characterized by a high ability to learn. This intelligence, coupled with a natural curiosity, means that he often seeks mental stimulation and tasks.

  • Loyalty: His deep bond with his human and family is remarkable. It is said that he is able to sense the mood of the house and act accordingly.

  • Alertness: Originally used as a watchdog, the Medium Schnauzer's attention is always focused on his surroundings. He can be reserved with strangers at first, but with proper introduction he often shows himself to be friendly.

  • Energy: This is a dog with a lot of energy. He loves to play, run and generally be active, which requires regular exercise.

  • Independence: Despite being affectionate, the Medium Schnauzer can also be fiercely independent. He is confident and likes to make his own decisions, which can sometimes be a challenge in parenting.


The character of the Miniature Schnauzer is multi-faceted. He is both alert and loving, both intelligent and playful. This blend of independence and loyalty makes him an ideal companion for those looking for an active, yet loyal dog. With proper training and bonding, the Middle Schnauzer will undoubtedly become a valued member of any family.

Standard Schnauzer, 9 months old, standing on white background Standard schnauzer (medium schnauzer) lying on green grass

Care of the Middle Schnauzer

The Middle Schnauzer's dense and wiry coat is easy to care for, but some special considerations should be taken into account:

  • Regular brushing: Although he does not shed, his coat should be brushed at least twice a week to remove dead hair and prevent matting.
  • Trimming: Every few months or so, it is recommended to have the Medium Schnauzer trimmed by a professional. This will preserve his distinctive look.
  • Ear and Eye Care: These should be checked regularly and cleaned as needed.

Health of the Miniature Schnauzer

The Middle Schnauzer is generally a robust dog. However, there are some health issues that should be considered:

  • Hip Dysplasia: As with many breeds, this can be a problem. Regular veterinary exams and good nutrition can help minimize the risk.
  • Eye disease: Some Middle Schnauzers can be prone to certain eye diseases, so regular checkups are advised.

Breeding the Mittelschnauzer

If you are thinking about breeding Mittelschnauzers, here are some important points:

  • Health checks: Before breeding is started, both parents should be examined for common health problems.
  • Conformity to standards: a good breeder will always try to breed dogs that conform to breed standards.
  • Sense of Responsibility: Any breeding operation should have the welfare of the animals as its first priority. This means providing careful guidance and support to potential puppy buyers.


The Middle Schnauzer is an impressive dog, both in appearance and health. With proper care and a responsible approach to breeding, this breed can enjoy a long and healthy life.

Standard moustache looking at camera against white background

The coat of the Medium Schnauzer is often described as wiry and dense. It not only provides him with a striking appearance, but also protection from the elements:

  • Colors: The coat can come in salt and pepper, fawn, black or black with silver markings.
  • Easy to care for: despite its density, the coat of the Medium Schnauzer is relatively easy to care for and hardly sheds at all.

Appearance of the Miniature Schnauzer

Its appearance is both elegant and robust. Particularly characteristic are:

  • Distinctive face: with its bushy eyebrows and distinctive mustache, the Middle Schnauzer has a distinctive face.
  • Compact build: He has a square build, which gives him an athletic appearance.

Height & Weight

The stature of the Medium Schnauzer is compact, yet powerful:

  • Height: He reaches a shoulder height of 45 to 50 inches.
  • Weight: A full-grown Medium Schnauzer weighs between 14 and 20 kg.


The Middle Schnauzer captivates with its striking appearance and robust stature. Its wiry coat, which can come in a variety of colors, not only gives it a unique appearance, but also protects it from various weather conditions. With proper care, this dog not only looks good, but also stays healthy and happy.

Fur length medium
Fur -
Ear shape Tilt-ear
Tail lang
Anatomy strong
Size ♀ 45 - 50 cm
Weight ♀ 14 - 20 kg
Size ♂ 45 - 50 cm
Weight ♂ 14 - 20 kg
Suitable For Children
Picture of a standard schnauzer jumping over a wooden beam
Standard Schnauzer, 9 months old, standing on white background
Standard schnauzer (medium schnauzer) lying on green grass
  • Hip dysplasia (HD)

    Hip dysplasia (HD) is a genetic condition in dogs where the hip joint is not shaped properly. This leads to pain, stiffness and restricted movement.

  • Eye diseases

    Often occur with allergies and intolerances.

  • Tartar

    If dogs don't get a good food or sugary food, tartar can quickly appear.

  • Overweight

    Often, unfortunately, the dogs very much under excess weight. But the dogs themselves are never to blame!

Other medium dogs

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