Japanese Spitz

Japanese Spitz Breed description: Character & Co

Japanese Spitz


Ancestry of the Japanese Spitz and origin

As its name suggests, the breed originates from Japan. Among cynologists it is debatable whether the Japanese Spitz (Japanese name Nihon Supittsu) is descended from the German Spitz or rather from Nordic Spitz. In any case, it came from Europe to Japan at the beginning of the 20th century and quickly became popular there. In 1948, the Japanese Kennel Club presented the first breed standard for this Japanese breed.

Breed characteristics and temperament

The Japanese Spitz has been an FCI-recognized dog breed since 1964 and is listed in the FCI standard classification under No. 162 in Group 5 (Spitz and primitive type dogs), Subsection 5 (Asian Spitz and related breeds). The small dog has a whole range of good qualities.

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Alternate Name Nihon Supittsu
Origin Japan
Life expectancy 12 - 14 years
Care requirements high-maintenance
Activity level average
FCI group Asian Spitz and related breeds
AKC group Foundation Stock Service
KC group utility group

The nature and temperament of the dogs can best be described as follows:

  • proud
  • obedient
  • companionable
  • cheerful
  • playful
  • balanced
  • alert

In addition, the Japanese Spitz is a watchful dog without a tendency to yap.

Husbandry and upbringing

The Japanese Spitz is a family dog. It is very affectionate and feels very comfortable in the presence of its family. It does not like to be alone or neglected in any way. In the house rather quietly, it rages on extended walks (at least 1 hour daily) in company of master or mistress so properly. Then the little white dog with the great need to run shows its true temperament. Dog sports, such as agility, are also great fun for the dog. His quick perception and great willingness to always learn new things make its upbringing easy. The Spitz is very child-friendly and usually gets along quite well with other dogs of its own species. For dog owners without experience, the Japanese Spitz is best suited as a first dog.

japan spitz in snow waiting for command, doggy in stay, doggy makes sit

Health, diseases and life expectancy

The Japanese Spitz is prone to patellar luxation. With this hereditary disease, the dog's kneecap can slip out of its guide. However, breeders usually control this disease by appropriate breeding selection. Furthermore, eye problems, e.g. distichiasis, narrowed tear ducts or also dental problems can occur. Beyond that, no breed-typical diseases are known. The life expectancy of the dogs is 12-14 years.

Things to know about the Japanese Dwarf Spitz

The Japan Miniature Spitz belongs to the rather rare dog breeds. So if you want to buy a purebred Japan Spitz, a breeder is your first choice. Also Japanese Spitz puppies should only be bought from a reputable and certified breeder. Click here: Verein für Deutsche Spitze e.V.. On the page of the association you will find corresponding litter announcements of German breeders. Alternatively you can also look around in animal shelters. Maybe your dog is already waiting for you there.

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The males have a strong build, with a height at withers of 30 to 38 cm and a body weight of 5 to 10 kg. The females are slightly smaller with a height at withers of 25 to 35 cm. Japanese Spitz have a soft, voluminous, weather-resistant coat, with a dense ruff and a luxuriantly hairy tail that the dog carries proudly upwards. The breed is exclusively bred with a pure white coat color.

Care and Nutrition of the Japan Spitz

To care for the lush coat, thorough combing or brushing twice a week is sufficient. During the twice-yearly coat change, combing must be done daily. Nutrition has a great influence on the well-being of dogs. Improper nutrition promotes obesity and can result in conditions such as diabetes and joint disease. High-quality wet or dry food with a high meat content, supplemented with vegetables or rice, but low grain content, provides your dog with all the necessary nutrients and keeps him healthy. Regular dental care prevents dental diseases.

Fur length long
Fur flat coated
Ear shape Standing Ears
Tail fanned out
Anatomy dainty
Size ♀ 30 - 35 cm
Weight ♀ 5 - 10 kg
Size ♂ 30 - 38 cm
Weight ♂ 5 - 10 kg
Suitable For Beginner, Children


Japan spitz in forest
Japan spitz in winter, beginner dog breed
japan spitz in snow waiting for command, doggy in stay, doggy makes sit
  • Eye diseases

    Often occur with allergies and intolerances.

  • Patellar luxation

    Patellar luxation is the term used to describe a displacement of the kneecap, which is one of the most common causes of lameness in dogs.

Other medium dogs

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