Berger de Picardy

Berger de Picardy Breed description: Character & Co

Berger de Picardy


PROFILE: Berger de Picardie

The Berger de Picardie, also known as the Picard or Picardie Shepherd, is one of the oldest French herding dogs. Its roots go back thousands of years, being bred primarily in the Picardy region, in northern France. It is believed that the breed was introduced to France through the immigration of the Celts. Despite its long history, the Berger de Picardie faced extinction several times, especially after the two world wars. However, it was saved by dedicated breeders.

Visual characteristics

  • Coat: Rough and wavy, but not curly. Typical colors are fawn or brindle.
  • Eyes: Dark and lively, giving a penetrating look.
  • Stature: Medium sized, robust and well proportioned, radiating energy and alertness.

Suitability and temperament

The Berger de Picardie is known for its bold and confident character. Thanks to his herding dog origins, he possesses a high level of intelligence and willingness to work. This makes him an ideal companion for:

  • Families: he is loyal and protective, especially towards children.
  • Dog sports: Agility, herding or obedience benefit from his energy and intelligence.
  • Farm work: his herding instinct is still present, making him a valuable helper when working with livestock.

Despite his positive traits, the Berger de Picardie can sometimes be stubborn and independent. Therefore, he needs clear leadership and early socialization.


The Berger de Picardie is not only a historic and rare herding dog, but also a loyal family dog. With proper training and employment, he will become an irreplaceable member of any family or active single. His impressive history and versatile suitability make him a special dog breed.

Banner: Depositphotos / TMArt
Picard shepherd dog, mother with puppy Picard shepherd against white background Picardy shepherd dog lying on grass Picardy shepherd dog, portrait of an adult
Alternate Name Berger Picard, Picardy Sheepdog
Origin France
Life expectancy 12 - 14 years
Care requirements low-maintenance
Activity level average to high
FCI group Sheepdogs
AKC group Miscellaneous Group
KC group working group

Basic Character Traits

The Berger de Picardie, often referred to simply as the Picard, is a breed of remarkable versatility and depth of character. One of the oldest French herding dogs, it embodies intelligence, independence, and a strong working zeal.

Temperament and interaction

  • Loyalty: the Picard bonds firmly to his family and often shows a special affection for children.
  • Alertness: He is always alert and can sometimes be somewhat reserved with strangers without becoming aggressive.
  • Self-confidence: endowed with a natural self-confidence, the Berger de Picardie requires clear and consistent leadership.

Interaction with other animals

Thanks to its herding dog genes, the Picard often shows a strong herding instinct. He usually gets along well with other animals, provided he has been properly socialized.

Learning ability and training

Despite its intelligence, the Picard can sometimes show a stubborn side. It is recommended:

  • Early training: begin socialization and basic obedience in puppyhood.
  • Positive Reinforcement: the Picard responds best to reward-based training methods.
  • Patience and consistency: be aware that his independent nature sometimes requires patience when training.


The Berger de Picardie is a deep and complex dog that combines loyalty and intelligence into one impressive package. His independent nature can sometimes be a challenge, but with the right upbringing and training, he will be a loyal and reliable companion in all circumstances. His character is as unique as his history, making him a true gem in the dog world.


Care and health

The rough coat of the Berger de Picardie is a noticeable characteristic of the breed and requires special attention:

  • Regular Brushing: At least once a week, the coat should be brushed to prevent matting and remove dead hair.
  • Bathing: Only when necessary to preserve the coat's natural oils.
  • Ears and Eyes: Regular checks and cleanings are important to prevent inflammation and infection.

Like all breeds, the Berger de Picardie struggles with certain health problems:

  • Hip dysplasia: A hereditary disease that can occur in many breeds.
  • Eye Disease: Some lines can be prone to progressive retinal atrophy or cataracts.
  • Regular veterinary visits: for early detection of disease and routine vaccinations.

Breeding of the Berger de Picardie

Breeding the Berger de Picardie should be done responsibly and with a clear goal regarding health and temperament:

  • Genetic testing: before breeding, both parents should be tested for known hereditary diseases.
  • Puppy Socialization: Early and positive experiences are essential for the development of a balanced temperament.
  • Breeding Standards: It is recommended to follow the standards and recommendations of the respective breed association.


The Berger de Picardie is not only an impressive dog with a strong character, but also requires careful and thoughtful care and breeding practices. Responsible breeding and regular care can ensure the health and well-being of this special breed. Those who invest the time and commitment in this breed will be rewarded with a loyal and healthy companion.

Berger Picard dog in winter field with long hair

The Berger de Picardie embodies a rustic, yet elegant look:

  • Coat Colors: The most common colors are fawn and brindle.
  • Eyes: Often of a striking amber hue, giving a penetrating and intelligent look.
  • Build: The Berger de Picardie has a robust, yet slender build that accentuates his agility and quickness.

Size and Weight

  • Male:
    • Size: between 60-65 cm
    • Weight: 25-32 kg
  • Females:
    • Size: Between 55-60 cm
    • Weight: 23-29 kg


The Berger de Picardie is not only visually stunning, but also requires special attention to coat care. Its appearance embodies its French roots and the centuries of breeding selection that have made it what it is today. It is recommended that regular grooming routines be established to ensure that this beautiful dog remains in top condition.

Fur length medium
Fur rough-haired
Ear shape Standing Ears
Tail lang
Anatomy rugged
Size ♀ 55 - 60 cm
Weight ♀ 23 - 32 kg
Size ♂ 60 - 65 cm
Weight ♂ 23 - 32 kg
Suitable For -
  • Hip dysplasia (HD)

    Hip dysplasia (HD) is a genetic condition in dogs where the hip joint is not shaped properly. This leads to pain, stiffness and restricted movement.

  • Elbow dysplasia (ED)

    Elbow joint dysplasia is a chronic disease complex of the elbow joint of fast growing dog breeds.

  • Eye diseases

    Often occur with allergies and intolerances.

Other large dogs

Useful Articles

Subscribe to our newsletter
to stay up to date on dog trends.
We won’t spam your inbox! We won’t sell or rent your email address.
To find out more, view our Privacy Policy
dogbible - a platform for people who love dogs
<svg aria-hidden="true" focusable="false" data-icon="facebook" role="img" xmlns="" viewBox="0 0 512 512"><path fill="currentColor" d="M504 256C504 119 393 8 256 8S8 119 8 256c0 123.78 90.69 226.38 209.25 245V327.69h-63V256h63v-54.64c0-62.15 37-96.48 93.67-96.48 27.14 0 55.52 4.84 55.52 4.84v61h-31.28c-30.8 0-40.41 19.12-40.41 38.73V256h68.78l-11 71.69h-57.78V501C413.31 482.38 504 379.78 504 256z" data-v-b19174da="" class=""></path></svg> <svg aria-hidden="true" focusable="false" data-icon="instagram" role="img" xmlns="" viewBox="0 0 448 512"><path fill="currentColor" d="M224.1 141c-63.6 0-114.9 51.3-114.9 114.9s51.3 114.9 114.9 114.9S339 319.5 339 255.9 287.7 141 224.1 141zm0 189.6c-41.1 0-74.7-33.5-74.7-74.7s33.5-74.7 74.7-74.7 74.7 33.5 74.7 74.7-33.6 74.7-74.7 74.7zm146.4-194.3c0 14.9-12 26.8-26.8 26.8-14.9 0-26.8-12-26.8-26.8s12-26.8 26.8-26.8 26.8 12 26.8 26.8zm76.1 27.2c-1.7-35.9-9.9-67.7-36.2-93.9-26.2-26.2-58-34.4-93.9-36.2-37-2.1-147.9-2.1-184.9 0-35.8 1.7-67.6 9.9-93.9 36.1s-34.4 58-36.2 93.9c-2.1 37-2.1 147.9 0 184.9 1.7 35.9 9.9 67.7 36.2 93.9s58 34.4 93.9 36.2c37 2.1 147.9 2.1 184.9 0 35.9-1.7 67.7-9.9 93.9-36.2 26.2-26.2 34.4-58 36.2-93.9 2.1-37 2.1-147.8 0-184.8zM398.8 388c-7.8 19.6-22.9 34.7-42.6 42.6-29.5 11.7-99.5 9-132.1 9s-102.7 2.6-132.1-9c-19.6-7.8-34.7-22.9-42.6-42.6-11.7-29.5-9-99.5-9-132.1s-2.6-102.7 9-132.1c7.8-19.6 22.9-34.7 42.6-42.6 29.5-11.7 99.5-9 132.1-9s102.7-2.6 132.1 9c19.6 7.8 34.7 22.9 42.6 42.6 11.7 29.5 9 99.5 9 132.1s2.7 102.7-9 132.1z" data-v-b19174da="" class=""></path></svg> <svg aria-hidden="true" focusable="false" data-icon="pinterest" role="img" xmlns="" viewBox="0 0 496 512"><path fill="currentColor" d="M496 256c0 137-111 248-248 248-25.6 0-50.2-3.9-73.4-11.1 10.1-16.5 25.2-43.5 30.8-65 3-11.6 15.4-59 15.4-59 8.1 15.4 31.7 28.5 56.8 28.5 74.8 0 128.7-68.8 128.7-154.3 0-81.9-66.9-143.2-152.9-143.2-107 0-163.9 71.8-163.9 150.1 0 36.4 19.4 81.7 50.3 96.1 4.7 2.2 7.2 1.2 8.3-3.3.8-3.4 5-20.3 6.9-28.1.6-2.5.3-4.7-1.7-7.1-10.1-12.5-18.3-35.3-18.3-56.6 0-54.7 41.4-107.6 112-107.6 60.9 0 103.6 41.5 103.6 100.9 0 67.1-33.9 113.6-78 113.6-24.3 0-42.6-20.1-36.7-44.8 7-29.5 20.5-61.3 20.5-82.6 0-19-10.2-34.9-31.4-34.9-24.9 0-44.9 25.7-44.9 60.2 0 22 7.4 36.8 7.4 36.8s-24.5 103.8-29 123.2c-5 21.4-3 51.6-.9 71.2C65.4 450.9 0 361.1 0 256 0 119 111 8 248 8s248 111 248 248z" data-v-b19174da="" class=""></path></svg>