Chongqing Dog

Chongqing Dog Breed description: Character & Co

Chongqing Dog

Life expectancy
10 - 13

Ancestry and origin of Chongqing dogs.

The origin of this dog breed can be traced back to the Han Dynasty more than 2,000 years ago. At that time, the dogs were most common in the Chongqing area at the confluence of the Yangtze River (Yangtze for short) and the Jialing River in southwestern China. On April 20, 2,000, archaeologists found a large number of ceramic dog pottery statues resembling the Chongqing Dog in a huge Western Han Dynasty cemetery near Jiangbei in Chongqing. The breed standard cites native breeds originating from the adjacent regions of Dazhu, Hechuan, Yongchuan, Lingshui and Guanan as direct ancestors, but they are all referred to as Chongqing Dogs. Due to the increasing urbanization of these regions, the population of Chongqing Dogs declined sharply. However, the breed has been successfully bred again since the 1970s and has become a popular working dog in Chongqing and surrounding areas.

Breed characteristics and temperament

The Chongqing Dog is a Chinese dog breed not recognized by the FCI. However, FCI recognition is being sought. The breed is recognized as a national breed by the China Kennel Union (CKU), which represents China in the FCI. The Union of Cynologist of Kazakhstan (UCK), also an associate member of the FCI, has also recognized the breed and classifies it according to FCI standard in group 2 (Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molosser - Swiss Mountain Dogs).

Banner: Shutterstock / Ekaterina Brusnika
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Alternate Name Chinese Chongqing Dog
Origin China
Life expectancy 10 - 13 years
Care requirements low-maintenance
Activity level average
FCI group not recognised
AKC group not recognised
KC group not recognised

The representatives of this breed are loyal, intelligent, friendly dogs of high agility and mobility. They excelled especially as guardians of home and family. In the breeding standard is specified as a use house dog, guard dog and hunting dog. Outstanding traits of these dogs are:

  • Loyalty
  • courage
  • fearlessness
  • Alertness

Attitude and education

These dogs are as alert, fearless as they are loyal. They are outgoing but independent dogs who can still form a strong bond with their humans. They are outgoing, but wary of strangers. Chongqing Dogs are considered ideal training dogs, but belong in the hands of experienced dog owners.


Care and nutrition

The short and dense coat of the dogs does not require extensive care. Brushing often is enough. However, the dog needs large amounts of food with a high meat content.

Health and life expectancy

In the breed possible diseases, such as epilepsy, heart disease, prolapsus (uterine prolapse), cryptorchidism (undescended testicles) or dysplasia are bred out in the breeding lines, but are not always completely excluded due to inbreeding and mutations. Healthy dogs have a high life expectancy of up to 18 years.

Interesting facts about Chongqing Dogs

Even though it is being bred more frequently again, the Chongqing Dog is still one of the very rare dog breeds. If you want to have one of these remarkable dogs, a vacation trip to China is the fastest solution.

Conclusion: Even though the imposing stature of the dogs may give a different impression, they are not fighting dogs and are not listed dogs in Germany. Due to their coat structure, Chongqing Dogs are also well suited for people with dog hair allergies. Some dogs also have blue tongues.

Chongqing breed description, asian dog breed, dog breed that has skin like leather

The physique of the dogs is compact and square, yet muscular and powerful. The short coat without undercoat is smooth lying. The coat colors are red (in variations light to dark) as well as black. The head of the dogs has a distinct stop, prominent cheekbones and a wrinkled forehead. It appears somewhat bulky in proportion to the rest of the body. The small thin ears stand erect and are directed forward. Characteristic of the dogs are the blackish-blue lips and blue tongue, as found in the Chow-Chow. The ideal height at the withers is 40-45 cm, for males and 35-40 cm for females. The weight is ideally between 20 to 25 kg, but is not predetermined.

Fur length short
Fur flat coated
Ear shape Standing Ears
Tail short
Anatomy strong
Size ♀ 41 - 47 cm
Weight ♀ 20 - 25 kg
Size ♂ 45 - 50 cm
Weight ♂ 20 - 25 kg
Suitable For -


  • Hip dysplasia (HD)

    Hip dysplasia (HD) is a genetic condition in dogs where the hip joint is not shaped properly. This leads to pain, stiffness and restricted movement.

  • Elbow dysplasia (ED)

    Elbow joint dysplasia is a chronic disease complex of the elbow joint of fast growing dog breeds.

  • Epilepsy

    Definition: Dog has epilepsy if, for example, at least two epileptic seizures occur more than 24 hours apart.

  • Heart disease

    Can occur frequently in dogs and can sometimes be treated with medication.

Other medium dogs

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