East Siberian laïka

East Siberian laïka Breed description: Character & Co


East Siberian Laika: Origin, History and Suitability

The East Siberian Laika, as its name suggests, originates from the East Siberian region of Russia. This dog was traditionally bred by the indigenous peoples of Siberia and is closely associated with the lifestyles and traditions of this region.


The East Siberian Laika has its roots in the ancient hunting dog breeds of Siberia. For centuries, it was used as a hunting and sled dog by the indigenous people of this remote region.

  • Initially, this dog was mainly used to hunt big game, such as bears or moose.
  • Over time, especially in the 20th century, systematic breeding began to consolidate certain characteristics and abilities. This led to the recognition of the East Siberian Laika as a breed in its own right.


The East Siberian Laika is a robust and persistent dog with a strong hunting instinct. His suitability extends over several areas:

  1. Hunting: With its keen nose and tireless will to work, it is a first-rate hunting dog, especially for big game.
  2. Sled dog: In his homeland, he is still used as a sled dog, thanks to his strength and endurance.
  3. Family Dog: Despite his working roots, the East Siberian Laika can also be a loving family dog. However, he needs plenty of exercise and activity and is best suited for active families or individuals who can provide him with the activity and training he needs.


The East Siberian Laika is a testament to the rugged and untouched landscapes of Eastern Siberia. As a hunting and sled dog, he is deeply rooted in the culture and history of this region. For the right person or family, he can be both a loyal working partner and a loving companion.

Banner: Depositphotos / igorgolovniov
Close up of east siberian laika walking in park Close up of east siberian laika walking in park Dog breed East Siberian Laika closeup Adult East Siberian Laika male dog looking at the camera. Native Siberian hunting dog Laika. Kamchatka, Russia
Alternate Name Vostotchno-Sibirskaïa Laïka
Origin Russia
Life expectancy 12 - 15 years
Care requirements high-maintenance
Activity level high
FCI group Nordic Hunting Dogs
AKC group not recognised
KC group not recognised

Basic character traits

The East Siberian Laika, especially in the black color variety, is known for its strong temperament and intelligence.

  • Loyal & Devoted: East Siberian Laikas form a deep bond with their owners and are very loyal.
  • Eager to Work: Originally bred for hunting, they are highly energetic and require ample exercise.
  • Alert: With a strong protective instinct, they make excellent watchdogs.

Interaction with family & strangers

  • Child Friendly: With proper socialization, they can be great family dogs and get along well with children.
  • Cautious of Strangers: They can be reserved with strangers at first, but with proper introduction and socialization they become friendlier.

Trainability & Learning Ability

  • Intelligent: East Siberian Laikas are quick learners and respond well to positive reinforcement.
  • Dominant nature: They can be strong willed, so consistent training is important.
  • Active: They need regular physical and mental activities to be content.


The black East Siberian Laika is a dog of strong character, loyal and intelligent. With proper training and employment, he will become a valuable and loving member of any family. His active and alert character makes him an ideal companion for outdoor activities as well as a reliable guardian of the home.

Dog breed East Siberian Laika closeup Hunting dog, East Siberian Laika is in snow. Male sled dog in black and white color looks at camera. Kamchatka, Siberia, Russia Close up of east siberian laika walking in park

East Siberian Laika: Care, Health & Breeding

The East Siberian Laika is hardy, but requires regular grooming.

  • Coat Care: Due to its dense double coat, it should be brushed at least once a week to prevent matting and remove dead hairs. More frequent brushing may be necessary during the shedding seasons, especially spring and fall.
  • Ears and Eyes: These should be checked regularly and cleaned as needed to prevent infection.
  • Claws: They should be checked regularly and trimmed as needed.


The East Siberian Laika is generally a healthy dog, but like all breeds, it can be prone to certain diseases.

  • Hip dysplasia: A common condition in larger dogs.
  • Eye diseases: Some may be genetic.
  • It is recommended that regular veterinary examinations be performed to detect potential health problems early.


If you are considering breeding an East Siberian Laika, there are a few things to keep in mind.

  • Breeding associations: It is advisable to contact reputable breed associations that set standards and health guidelines for the breed.
  • Health checks: Potential breeding animals should be tested for known genetic diseases.
  • Breedingexperience: Breeding requires expertise and commitment. It is important to be thoroughly educated about the breed, its needs and potential challenges.


The East Siberian Laika is a proud and sturdy dog, but requires regular care and attention to stay healthy and happy. If interested in breeding this breed, strict ethical and health standards should be followed.

Close up of east siberian laika walking in park

The East Siberian Laika has a dense double coat that protects it from the harsh climatic conditions of Siberia.

  • Outer Coat: The outer coat is coarse and of medium length, often being longer on the neck, shoulders and tail, forming a mane.
  • Undercoat: Dense and soft, providing excellent protection from cold and wet conditions. Colors range from black and white to gray, red and brown.


The East Siberian Laika has a wolf-like appearance with a strong build. Its ears are pointed and erect, and its eyes can be brown, blue, or even different colors.

Size & Weight

GenderHeight (cm)Weight (kg)
Males55-64 cm20-30 kg
Bitches51-60 cm18-25 kg

Special Characteristics

The East Siberian Laika has an impressive physical presence, which distinguishes him as a hard-working and robust dog. His muscular legs and strong back give him stamina and strength, ideal for long hunting trips or sledding.


With its thick coat and impressive stature, the East Siberian Laika is perfectly adapted to the harsh conditions of its native land. Although hardy and eager to work, it also displays an elegant and majestic charm that makes it a fascinating sight to behold. Regular grooming is recommended to keep the coat clean and healthy.

Fur length long
Fur flat coated
Ear shape Standing Ears
Tail rolled up
Anatomy strong, sporty
Size ♀ 50 - 60 cm
Weight ♀ 21 - 30 kg
Size ♂ 53 - 65 cm
Weight ♂ 21 - 30 kg
Suitable For -
Dog breed East Siberian Laika closeup
Hunting dog, East Siberian Laika is in snow. Male sled dog in black and white color looks at camera. Kamchatka, Siberia, Russia
Close up of east siberian laika walking in park

Sources and relevant links

FCI-Rassestandard (Deutsch)

Accessed on 23.01.2024


Accessed on 23.01.2024

Eva-Maria Krämer (2017). Der KOSMOS-Hundeführer. Franckh-Kosmos Verlags-Gmbh & Company KG.

Hans Räber (2014). Enzyklopädie der Rassehunde, Band 1. Franckh-Kosmos Verlags-Gmbh & Company KG.


Accessed on 23.01.2024

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